New Delhi, December 3 | A Task Force has been Set Up by the Education Minister of India, Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ to prepare a Roadmap for imparting Technical Education in Mother Tongue after a high-level meeting to discuss the implementation of the National Education Policy on Wednesday, December 2, 2020.
Secretary Higher Education Amit Khare, IIT Directors, Academicians and senior officials of the Ministry were present in the meeting.
A statement from the ministry said that selected Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and National Institutes of Technology (NITs) will lead this project.
The task force set up under the chairmanship of Secretary, Higher Education will take into consideration the suggestions made by various stakeholders and will submit a report in a month.
The New Education Policy which passed on 29 July 2020, directs the use of mother tongue by teachers, or instructors for teaching in technical institutes. Mr Pokhriyal announced last week that the technical education, including engineering, will be taught in the vernacular from next year.
“The meeting today is a step in the direction towards achieving the Prime Minister’s vision that students may pursue professional courses such as medicine, engineering, law, etc in their mother tongue”, said the Education Minister.
He also added that, “No language will be imposed on any student, but enabling provisions should be made so that bright students are not deprived of Technical Education due to lack of knowledge of English language,” he added.
Moreover, faculty members at several IITs and NITs have not favoured the ministry’s decision to start engineering courses in mother tongue from next year, calling it a very regressive and retrograde move.
While they wonder how the IITs and NITs can implement the decision at such short notice, they expressed concern about the future of the students who would enroll for B.Tech programmes in regional languages.
Other Changes in Higher Education According To New Education Policy
Some of the other changes in Higher Education that the New Education Policy mentions are provided below:
Multidisciplinary Higher Education Institutions: The main thrust of NEP 2020 policy regarding higher education is to end the fragmentation of higher education by transforming higher education institutions into large multidisciplinary universities, colleges, and HEI clusters each of which will aim to have 3,000 or more students. This would help build vibrant communities of scholars and peers across disciplines to develop all capacities of human beings – intellectual, aesthetic, social, physical, emotional, and moral.
Multiple Entry and Exit Options: The undergraduate degree will be of either 3 or 4-year duration, with multiple exit options within this period, with appropriate certifications, e.g., a certificate after completing 1 year in a discipline or field including vocational and professional areas, or a diploma after 2 years of study, or a Bachelor ’s degree after a 3-year programme.
Academic Bank of Credit (ABC): The Bank of Credit would digitally store the academic credits earned from various recognized HEIs so that the degrees from an HEI can be awarded taking into account credits earned from previous HEIs. This will provide flexibility to students who may decide to choose a different path in between education such as entrepreneurship, fellowship etc.
Internationalization of Higher Education: The new policy will promote internationalization of Higher Education by creating an atmosphere to attract more international students to Indian Universities, by allowing International Universities to open their campus in India. Both this approach will promote India as a global study destination providing premium education at affordable costs thereby helping to restore its role as a Vishwa Guru.
Reimagining Vocational Education: The new education aims integration of vocational education programmes into mainstream education in all education institutions in a phased manner. This will open higher education opportunities for students of vocational streams and also encourage students of mainstream to take up vocational education and develop marketable skills.
The Education Minister along with other Higher Authorities has commenced the mission of implementing the New Education Policy in Higher Education System. The changes in the Education System will definitely take some time to be implemented completely but systematic and effective steps will lead to achievement of the goal successfully.
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